What is Self-Defence?
Self-defence is not warfare, vengeance, it is not an art or a sport. Self-defence is preparation to minimize the possibility of assault. It is training to learn and use appropriate and effective physical actions if there is no practical available alternative. Self-defence instruction is the beginning of a process of learning how to avoid becoming a victim.
01. Run away
02. Talk and run
03. Hit and run
Be aware of your environment and the way circumstances change from one environment to another. Anticipate dangerous situations and take steps to avoid them. Don’t walk through all areas in the same nonchalant manner as you do in your usual surroundings. Don’t walk at random, don’t leave a safe area to go into an unsafe area and as you are walking along, whether the route is strange or familiar, identify safe havens, so that if you are threatened you can run. Even for skilled bodyguards or Special Forces soldiers the least attractive option is to stand and fight.
Often women hear about self-defense and they might have mixed reactions. Many think it is a great idea to learn how to defend herself but might not have the resources to find the correct instructor. For some, it is something they “just cannot get to doing it right now”. Then there are those ladies who either think, “oh, nothing ever happens where I live” or “I don’t need to learn because I can handle myself”.
Ten Basic Principles of Women’s Self-Defense that can help save your life when confronted with a threatening situation:
01. INCREASE REACTION TIME
When you increase the distance between you and an attacker you increase the time it will take for them to reach you. This will give you more time to evaluate the situation and react to it appropriately.
02. OBTAIN GOOD BALANCE
It is very important for you to have good balance during these stressful times. You need to set your body up with a good foundation for the self-defense techniques you might need to use.
03. DEVELOP A PLAN OF ACTION
At Goshin Ju Jitsu Association GB we say, “The body is only as strong as the mind allows”. If you have thought of a stressful situation a few times and saw yourself taking action, with success, your body can actually respond better when confronted in real life.
04. USE DISTRACTION TECHNIQUES
Most aggressors do not expect their intended target to take a defensive stance and yell back at them. This can cause them to realize you are not the “easy” target the originally thought.
05. IDENTIFY THE ATTACKER’S VULNERABLE LOCATION
The vulnerable locations on an attacker are: eyes, nose, throat, clavicle notch, forearm, groin, shin, knee, and foot.
06. USE YOUR PERSONAL WEAPONS
A woman’s personal weapons are: head (front/back), elbow, fist, knee, and foot.
07. AVOID FORCE ON FORCE
Pound for pound a male will overpower a female. We need to use the element of surprise, deliver quick/strong self-defense techniques and have the “Survival Mindset”.
08. AVOID PANIC
It is a natural reaction to freeze for a split second when confronted with a dangerous situation. Take that time to evaluate what is happening and choose to react accordingly.
09. DISENGAGE AND RUN!!
This is the primary goal of self-defense and survival. As soon as the attacker releases his grasp you need to RUN FOR YOUR LIFE!
10. PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!!!!
We have always been told to ‘practice hard” if we wanted to achieve something.
Female Security Awareness Do’s and Don’t’s:
01. The first thing men look for in a victim is hairstyle. They go for a woman with a ponytail, bun or hairstyle, which is easy to grab. Women with short hair are less common as targets.
02. They will look for women whose clothing is easy to remove quickly. Many of them carry scissors around to cut the clothes.
03. They also look for women on the phone or searching through their purse, easy targets!
04. They are most likely to strike late at night or early in the morning
05. Places were women are abducted and raped are mainly car parks, public toilets or pubs
06. Attackers are looking to grab a woman and quickly move her to another location, where they don’t have to worry about getting caught.
07. If you put up any kind of a fight at all, they will realise that it is not going to be worth the time in subduing you.
08. These men are said to not pick on women who have an umbrella as it can be used as a weapon against them. It can also be used for distance.
09. Defence Mechanisms: If someone is following you, turn and look them in the eye and ask a question, do some small talk. Now you have seen their face and could identify them in a line-up, you lose appeal as a target.
10. If someone is coming towards you, hold your hands out in front of you and start yelling STOP! or STAY BACK! Show that you would fight back. A man will be more likely to leave you alone. They are looking for an easy target
11. If you cannot beat him with strength, you can outsmart him by using small martial art techniques.
12. Go for the GROIN!
13. When a guy puts his hands up to you, grab his fingers and bend them back as hard as possible.
14. Always be aware of your surrounding. If someone or something seems odd, go with your instincts.
15. Tip from Ju Jitsu: kick him in the groin and use the elbow on him.
16. If a robber asks for your wallet, DO NOT HAND IT TO HIM! Throw it away from you. He is interested in the wallet or purse, not you. Then RUN AS FAST AS YOU CAN IN THE OTHER DIRECTION!
17. If you are ever thrown into a car boot, kick out the car lights and stick your arm out, start waving franticly. The driver cannot see you.
18. When you get into your car, lock the doors and leave. If someone gets in the car with a knife or gun, turn on the engine and crash into something. Your airbag will save you, not him.
Getting into your car:
a) Be aware. Look inside the car, look around you, look in the back seat
b) If you are parked next to a big van, enter your car from the passenger’s door. Serial killers attack their victims by pulling them into the van.
c) If a male is sitting on his own in a car in the car park, walk back to work or the shops. Find a security guard or policeman for help. IT IS ALWAYS BETTER TO BE SAFE THAN SORRY.
BETTER PARANOID THAN DEAD!!!
20. Always take an elevator instead of stairs (stair wells are horrible places and perfect crime spots)
21. If someone has a gun and you are not under his control, ALWAYS RUN. RUN IN A ZIG-ZAG PATTERN. A moving target will only be HIT 4 TIMES IN 100 and it will most likely not be a vital organ.
22. If you are in a vehicle, do not stop and help people – try not to be sympathetic and stop. It may get you raped or killed.
23. Safety Tip (Don’t become a victim!)
All women are potential victims of sexual assault. By being aware a woman can reduce the likelihood of becoming a rape victim. This does not mean all rapes can be prevented.
Safety at your Home
01. When moving into a new house, make sure the locks are replaced. Put a spy glass in the door and a dead bolt.
02. Keep doors locked at all times.
03. After a knock, ask the person to give their name. Ask for ID if you open the door. If you feel uneasy, refuse entrance. Do NOT open the door unless you know who it is!
04. Don’t ever lat anyone in if you are alone.
05. If you feel threatened, scream.
06. All entrances and garages should be well lit.
07. Keep a light on the inside and outside the house at night.
08. Hang up on obscene phone calls. If possible, trace the number by dialling 1471 and report the caller if ringing you on a repeated basis.
09. Organise a neighbourhood watch in your area if it does not already insist. Details can be obtained from you local Police Station.
10. If at all possible have a pet dog. They are great security and protect you from intruders. A sign in the window with a warning of a dog living here, will make any intruder think twice whether or not to give your house a miss!
01. Do not walk alone, if possible.
02. Always stay in well lit areas.
03. Do not take short cuts, where you would be in deserted areas.
04. Walk near the curb and avoid passing close to shrubbery, dark doorways and places of concealment.
05. Do not hitch hike.
06. If someone in a car asks for assistance, do not get close to the car.
07. If a car approaches you and you feel threatened, scream and run in the other direction.
08. If you are being followed, go into a shop, Police Station, Fire Station or where people will be. Then call the Police.
09. If you carry a bag, hold it in front of you and close to your body.
10. When going to a car or house, have the keys out, ready.
01. Never pick up hitch hikers.
02. Keep car doors locked.
03. When parking at night, chose a well-lit parking place.
04. Look in the car (back seats)
05. Look around when approaching your car
06. Keep the petrol above ¼ tank.
07. Whenever possible, travel on well lit streets.
08. If you are being followed in your car, drive to a Police or Fire Station or shop (safety haven). Do not get out of your car until you are safe.
09. If your car is being repaired leave only the keys.
10. If you are having car problems and cannot raise the bonnet, stay in the car and wait for help. Phone for help.
Some people carry weapons, knives, guns, spray chemicals to see off attackers. However, it is against the law in this country to carry weapons. You could end up going to prison. Unless you are trained and not afraid to use these weapons, they can be very dangerous. The attacker might be able to turn them against you.
Every Day Weapons:
01. Ball point pen
02. Stick-like implements, bottles, golf clubs, broomsticks, umbrellas.
03. Pots-n-pans, hot drinks
04. Sharp objects, knife, letter opener, scissors
05. Objects with weight and mass
06. Make shift shields, briefcase
07. Sand in the eyes.